Puno, Peru: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
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Puno is a capital city of Puno Region, which is in southeastern Peru. It lies on the shores of worldwide famous Lake Titicaca, that is why it is also called ''ciudad del lago'', which means city of the lake. The lake city was founded in 1668 by viceroy Pedro Antonio Fernandez de Castro with the name San Juan Bautista de Puno.
Nowadays Puno is an agricultural and livestock region. You can see lamas, sheep and alpacas walking around the area. And due to unpaved streets you can join the four-legged friends, because it is useless to use cars, so just stroll, what is actually good for health. The locals are Indians and some of them do not speak Spanish, but they do not trouble selling handcrafted souvenirs to tourists.
Every year a lot of people come to visit the places of Indian ancient culture and to broaden ones minds and souls. One of the most popular sightseeings created by nature is Lake Titicaca - the biggest lake in the world located in the mountains. It is deep enough to be navigable. But it is not warm enough for swimming because of 25 icy rivers, coming from the glacier. A lot of rare wild animals live on the territory of the lake, so it is a national reservation of Peru. 40 islands are ''floating'' on the surface of Titicaca. There are some legends about the lake. One of them tells us the story of Incas civilization. It says that the founders of Incas came out of the water - Manko Kopek and his beloved Mama Okllo. It is also said that the treasures of the temple of the Sun are hidden on the bottom. Another sightseeing is the cathedral, built in the 17 century by Simon de Astra, which combines barocco and local styles. You can visit Carlos Dreyer museum, where a wide collection of jewels, ancient pieces of Incas' life and historical documents can be found. All in all, Puno is a place for people, who are interested in Indian culture, enjoy nature and strolling.