Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal: Travel/Tourist Information Guide

Sagarmatha National Park covers an area of 1148 square kilometers in Nepal’s Khumbu region. It features the tallest peak in the world, Mount Everest along with other renowned peaks such as Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Pumori, Ama Dablam, Thamerku, Kwangde, Kangtaiga and Gyachyung Kang. In north, the national park shares the international border with the Qomolangma National Nature Preserve of Tibet and extends to the Dudh Kosi River in the south. The protected area has been identified as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International and also is included in the Sacred Himalayan Landscape. The park was established in 1976 and in 1979, it became the country’s first national park that was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO. The name of the park is derived from Nepali which ‘sagar’ means sky and ‘matha’ means head. The park is home to a number of wild animals and it is most likely to spot the Himalayan tahr, ghoral, musk deer and black bears at the park. It is also possible to see mouse hares, jackals, wolves, lynx and snow leopards. In addition there are 193 different species of bird in the park such as the impeyan pheasant, red-billed cough, blood pheasant, snow cock and the snow pigeon. Vegetation in the park changes according to the altitude. The best time to visit the park is between October and November or between March and May.