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Milan, the capital of Lombardy, has a population of 1.3 million people. It is a Mecca for designers, artists, photographers and models. Milan is the most modern of all Italian cities. It represents the new Italy but it still keeps its past history intact. Moreover, financially, it is the most important city in Italy because it recovered itself as a business capital after being partly destroyed during the WW2. People around the world come to Milan to enjoy shopping, football, opera and nightlife. It is also the marketplace of Italian fashion. There are two fashion weeks which most of the supermodels and international paparazzi join during autumn and spring. The city might be coming out as its modernity but it is also one of the most ancient cities in Europe. Its famous sights are- the Duomo, one of the biggest Gothic cathedrals in the world; La Scala, an opera house famous for its establishment; the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele, a shopping gallery which is ancient; the Brera art gallery that the finest artwork can be found in; the Pirelli Tower which represents the modernist Italian architecture; the San Siro, a famous stadium, also called Giuseppe Meazza, depending on which of the two Milan's and Europe's giants one prefers; the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site Santa Maria alle Grazie Basilica which is a grand medieval castle that contains “The Last Supper” painting from Leonardo da Vinci. With World Expo of 2015, Milan had 20 million visitors and the city was more developed with new bars, restaurants and museums.
Brief History of Milan
Milan’s origin goes back to 400 B.C., when Gauls settled and defeated the Etruscans. In 222 B.C. the city was conquered by Romans and was annexed to the Roman Empire. After 313 A.D., the year of the Edict of Tolerance towards Christianity, many churches were built and the first bishop, Ambrogio, was appointed. The Sforza family assumed the Castle and the power of the Visconti family and finally Milan achieved peace after many years of war against Venice and Florence. Under the Sforza duchy the city began the development of sciences, art and literature.
Art & Culture
Milan offers a big variety of buildings, monuments and museums. The most important church is the Cathedral which is the third largest church in the world. It is overall made of marble, with immense statues, arches, pillars, pinnacles. From the roof you can experience a beautiful panorama of the city. Santa Maria delle Grazie was built between 1466 and 1490 and modified by Bramante. In the Refectory there is one of the most famous paintings of Leonardo da Vinci: the “Last Supper”. Milan has many historic palaces like the Palazzo Reale (Royal Palace) which is situated in the south side of Piazza Duomo. The Sforza Castle is one of the symbols of Milan together with the Madonnina and the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II.