Buenos Aires, Argentina: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
Buenos Aires is the capital city of Argentina. It is an autonomous district and is not part of the Buenos Aires Province. Its residents enjoy a very high quality of life and it has a booming tourism industry.
Most airlines use Ezeiza International Airport, also known by its official name of Aeropuerto Internacional Mnistro Pistarini, especially for international flights. Aeroparque Jorge Newbery Airport is a smaller airport that serves domestic and international flights from nearby South American countries. Flights within the country are usually expensive and visitors coming from nearby regions might want to consider taking long-distance buses instead of flying. From the airports, travelers may take a taxi or bus to get to the downtown area.
Climate and Geography
The city has a humid subtropical climate. It is hottest in January with high temperatures that reach 35 degrees Celsius. There is a mild winter season between May and August with July as the coldest month. Temperatures could go as low as 10 degrees Celsius.
Most of Buenos Aires lies in the Pampas lowlands, while some neighborhoods were built on reclaimed land along the Rio de la Plata.
The most popular tourist attraction in the city is the Recoleta cemetery. It has beautiful monuments and tombs including that of beloved First Lady Evita Perón. The Palermo-Viejo neighborhood is also visited for its interesting shops, bars and restaurants. Visitors can as well find many tango schools and clubs where they can experience tango dancing.
Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Theater, cinema, arts and, of course, the tango also enrich the culture and history coming from this region. The Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires is considered the third best in the world and hosts everything from operas to Broadway shows. Tango would not be what it is now if it weren't for the famous Carlos Gardel, though musical styles in Argentina are by no means limited to tango. Both the pre-Columbian art found in the pottery and paintings on cave walls of the early Indigenous people in the Santa Cruz Province and the more traditional European influenced architecture of many governmental buildings are a small tribute to the variety of arts that can be found in the country.
Another famous figure, who actually started out in radio and other forms of media and later became the First Lady, is Eva Perón. To this day, her efforts are revered by a good majority of Argentines. She became popular a large portion of the Argentine population in the late 1940s through her efforts to push equal labor rights and women's suffrage, among other things. Though her efforts where cut short when she died of cancer at only 33, she lives on as a motivation for change and her tomb, along with many other famous characters, can be found in the Cementário Recoleta, which is a popular sightseeing spot in Buenos Aires. One can also visit the Casa Rosada where Eva, or more popularly, Evita, made her speeches to the people as well.
Like many South American countries, soccer is one of the nation's favorite pass-times. Famous players like Maradona and Messi, named as the world's best player several times, make soccer really stand out. The country boasts a number of advanced technology, modern stadiums, such as the one in La Plata where a variety of events are held. Other sports that are commonly practiced include rugby, basketball, auto racing an polo, among others. The country's official sport, however, is a game called Pato, which means "Duck".It is played on horseback and can best be explained as a combination of basketball and polo. The name was given to this sport due to actually having used a duck originally.
When making the decision to visit Argentina, there are a few highlights that are often found on people's lists. Beyond Mendoza, tucked along the Andes Mountains, known for its variety of wines, on the other side of the country sits Iguazu Falls, which shares a boarder with Brazil. It is one of the most majestic and largest waterfalls in the world and filled with opportunities to catch some of the local fauna in its natural setting.
For those who enjoy the cold weather, two national parks stand out, Los Glaciares National Park, where visitors can get up close and person with glaciers. It is also considered the trekking capital of Argentina. There is also Los Alerces National Park which gives visitors a feeling for what the Patagonian area is all about. One of the largest areas in Argentina, which fills the entire southern half of the country, Patagonia is marked with rising ice cliffs in the west to lush deciduous forests with a mix of vibrant colors in the east.
Home to one the largest mountain in the Southern hemisphere, Aconcagua, as well as a large part of the Andes Mountain range, visitors can enjoy a wide variety of mountain sports, adventure sports and cycling challenges.
One of the best, and largest, ski resorts in Latin America can be found in Bariloche, situated a little south of Mendoza, also along the Andes Range in the Los Glaciares National Park. Warmer temperatures can be found on the beaches of Mar del Plata, in the southeast part of the Buenos Aires province, though Argentine weather is rarely considered hot.
Although in the early 1900s, Argentina had such a strong economy that it had risen to seventh place in per capita income, it went through many harsh years in the 1930s that placed it into underdevelopment. Since then, the country has gradually be gaining back ground. Today, although not considered a first-world country, has actively taken part in producing satellites, produces its own nuclear energy, is involved in petroleum proliferation and has vast natural resources.
Transportation has also evolved over the last few years and currently has the largest railway system in Latin America with connections to all major cities and a number of intermediates. The major cities also have modern subway networks and organized, timely bus transportation both domestically and for travel to international destinations. The good part is that it won't weigh too much on travel expenses and allows visitors to go beyond the main cities with relative ease.