Cidade de Goiás, Brazil: Travel/Tourist Guide
Cidade de Goiás, also known as Goiás Velho, is the former capital city of Goiás state in Brazil. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its well-preserved colonial architecture. The name of the city is a tribute to the Goyaz Indians who inhabited the place before the Europeans came. The buildings are a showcase of its past wealth during the gold rush.
There are two ways to get into Goiás through main highways. From Goiania, travelers can take a straight route through the Inhumans. The city is 141 kilometers away. From Brasília, there is a road to Anapolis with a route through Inhumans towards Cidade de Goiás.
Climate and Geography
The city has a tropical wet and dry savanna climate with an average year round temperature of 24.7 degrees Celsius. It has a rugged topography that is characterized by several rivers and waterfalls. There are also many beaches around the municipality including Cachoeira Grande, Bacalhau and Santo Antônio.
The most popular festival in Goiás is the Procession of Fogaréu, which happens every year on the Wednesday of Holy Week. Reenactments of the arrest of Christ are done on the streets along with other performances inspired by traditional folk tales.
Tourists mostly flock the historical area of the city where many colonial buildings and monuments still stand. It is good to explore the section on foot or just take a taxi for short distances.