Venezuela: Travel/Tourist Guide

Venezuela is a country on the northern part of the South American continent. It is bordered by Colombia, Guyana and Brazil with the Caribbean islands lying just off its coast.The official language is Spanish with the Bolívar fuerte as the currency (VEF).

Venezuela: Andes MountainsVenezuela: Canaima National ParkVenezuela: Iglesia San Alejo BoconóVenezuela: Ilanos PlainsVenezuela: Beach in Mochima National ParkVenezuela: Island in Morrocoy National ParkVenezuela: Parima Tapirapeco National ParkVenezuela: Yanomami ethnic tribe

Climate and Geography

The country is close to the equator giving it a tropical to temperate climate. Although, variations in temperature and humidity occurs over its different regions. It lies in the Neotropic ecozone, so most of the country used to be covered by rainforests. Due to its location, the country boasts of a variety of ecological habitats including the Amazon Rainforest, the Andes Mountains, the Orinoco River Delta and the Ilanos plains.

Colonial Past

It is a former Spanish colony and gained its independence in 1811. It became a department of Gran Colombia, then, and gained full independence as a republic in 1830. The culture is mostly divided among indigenous, Spanish and African influences. Due to colonization, the most significant is Spanish culture as evidenced in its local cuisine, traditional practices, architecture, language and religion.

Ecotourism

Venezuela has 43 different national parks with many being protected areas. The largest are the Canaima National Park where Angel Falls, the highest waterfall in the world is located, and Parima Tapirapecó National Park, which is home to the Yanomami ethnic group. Other parks include the Morrocoy National Park that has many beaches, and Mochima National Park that has an exclusively marine area in the west.