Ankara, Turkey: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
Ankara is the political capital of Turkey starting from 1923 and is located in central Anatolia with a population of five million, being the second largest city of the country, after Istanbul. The city has a long history, dating back to the Bronze Age, when the Hattians, an ancient people created a settlement. They were, later absorbed by the Hittites than created a thriving civilization in Anatolia. In time, the region became part of some Anatolian kingdoms until they were conquered by the Persian Empire, followed by the Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottoman Turks. The settlement was known as Angora or Ancyra. During the Turkish War of Independence (1919-1923), Mustafa Kemal Ataturk made Ankara his military headquarters and declared it capital of the newly formed Republic of Turkey in 1923.
Today, Ankara is a an intellectual and dynamic city, with most of is inhabitants working in government intitutions, hospitals, universities and run businesses. Also, it became a major transportation hub for the entire country, with large and impressive bus stations, train stations, a metro system and an international airport. Embassies have their offices in Ankara, as well as the government, the presidential office and the parliament of the country. Thus, it features many Western facilities that can be difficult to find in other Turkish cities. However, most tourists that come to Turkey set Ankara as their base for visits to other famous sites, such as Konya or Cappadocia, even though it has a lively atmosphere.