Natural Sights, Uva Province, Sri Lanka: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
Dunhinda Falls is a waterfall located about 5 km fromBadullatown in Sri Lanka. It is a very famous waterfall of Sri Lanka. The waterfall is 64 m in heights and its name comes from the smoky dew drops spray. Dun in Sinhala means mist or smoke. The resource of the waterfall is the river called Badulu Oya which goes through the Badulla town. The waterfall is also enriched with Uma Oya, Hal Oya and small rivers from Bandarawela and Welimada areas. The best time to visit the waterfall from November to March. In order to reach the waterfall, walking more than 1 km is necessary along a foot path. Along this path, there is also another waterfall called Kuda Dunhinda. It is also possible to come across with native venders selling herbal drinks. During the trail, it is also possible to see wild birds, butterflies, monkeys, deers etc. At the end of the path, there is a secured stage built for viewers to see the waterfall. While enjoying the fall, it is not recommended to go closer to the fall or bathe because it is deep and full of slippery rocks and stones near the bottom of the fall. The waterfall has also a place in history. The area was once inhabited by indigenous people – the Veddha tribe. During the era of King Rahasinhe, a giant fern got stuck at the top of the fall and this caused flooding of Badulla town. In addition, according to a legend, there is an entrance to a sected 30 km long passageway hidden by the falls. Treasure of Prince Kumarasinghe of Uva lies hidden somewhere in the falls.
Yala National Park
Yala National Park is the most visited and the second largest national park in Sri Lanka. It extends over two provinces of Hambantota District of Southern Province and Monaragala District of Uva Province. The gateway to Yala National Park is Tissamaharama. The entrance of the park is located 8 km away from Kataragama and it can be easily accessed from the town. The park consists of five blocks and two of them are open to the public. The blocks have their individual names. The park covers 979 square kilometres. Yala was designated as a wildlife sanctuary in 1900 and it is one of the first two national parks in Sri Lanka with Wilpattu National Park. Yala became a national park in 1938. The park is best known for its variety of wild animals. It is also an important park for the conservation of Sri Lankan elephants, Sri Lankan leopards and aquatic birds. The park is located in the dry semi-arid climatic region and the area receives rain mainly during the northeast monsoon. Yala National Park is also one of the 70 important Bird Areas in Sri Lanka because it harbours 215 species including six endemic species. The number of mammals from the park is 44 and it has one of the highest leopard densities in the worlds.
Lunugamvehera National Park
The Lunugamvehera National Park was established for protection as a corridor for elephant migration from the Yala National Park to Uda Walawe National Park’s Western region. The park covers an extent of 23,499 hectares. The park was established in 1995, but opened to the public in 2005. The park is located in the Moneragala District of the Uva Province and it extends to Thanamalwila, Wellawaya, Kataragama, Buttala and to the Hambantota District in the South. The park is rich in biodiversity and it is home to a large number of wild elephants and wild buffaloes. It is also home to other species of animals such as Fishing Cat, Grey Mongoose, Bear, Wild Boar, Spotted Deer and Mouse Deer. The park also has a variety of tree and plant species.
Ella is enclosed by tall mountains in the central hills and there is a gap among these mountains. From that gap, it is possible to get outstanding views of the ocean that is stretched to the Hambantota coastline.
Little Adam’s Peak
This mountain is named after the sacred Adam’s Peak regarding the similarity between the two mountains. It is also known as “Punchi Sri Pada”. The mountain is 1141 m in height. Many travellers visit Little Adam’s Peak for hiking and panoramic views of the mountain. To reach the top, one has to walk through lush green tea plantations, waterfalls and paddy fields. The mountain is figured in Pyramid Shape Mountain and it is standing opposite of the Ella Rock. While hiking, it is also possible to see people plucking and collecting tea leaves. To reach the top, hiking will take around 35-45 min.
Rawana Ella is a popular spot for local and foreign tourists. Usually during the day, the area is crowded with tourists. The water fall is 25 m in height. Its water resources from Heel Oya reservoir located in Badulla District. It has been picket out as one of the widest waterfalls in Sri Lanka. There are two waterfalls in Ella. One is Rawana Ella and Rawana Falls. Rawana Ella cannot be seen from the main road and Rawana Falls is located above Rawana Ella. The actual name of Rawana Ella is Bambaragma Ella. There is also a cave located near Rawana Falls. According to a legend, Princess Seetha had lived in this cave for a while. The flow of the waterfall usually gets dry in the dry season. This waterfall is a part of Ella Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ella Rock is a great place for activities like hiking and walking. The easiest way to the Ella Rock starts from a train rail track. After walking 1.5 km, there is a small waterfall. There are almost 20 different routes to reach the rock. Therefore it is recommended to check the routes beforehand or find a local guide. It is possible to get lost in case taking a wrong track. Ella Rock is known as the highest peak of Ella area.
Diyaluma waterfall is approximately 220 meters high and it’s Sri Lanka’s one of the tallest waterfalls. It is located in Haputale.The waterfall has one, massive drop, and a river of water starting from underneath of the fall. As the water falls into a rock formation, it’s not possible to dive from the waterfall. The river that emerges from the waterfall is clean and one can swim inside and enjoy the lush green scenery and nature.
Gal Oya National Park
It was established in 1954 and serves as the main catchment area for Senanayake Samudraya, the largest reservoir in Sri Lanka. Senanayake Samudraya was built under the Gal Oya development project by damming the Gal Oya at Inginiyagala in 1950. The elephant herd is an important feature of the Gal Oya National Park. There are also important herbs of the Ayurveda medicine growing in the national park.