Historical Sites and Landmarks, Southern Province, Sri Lanka: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
The Dutch Fort
The Dutch Fort is located in Galle. The fort was built by the Portuguese in 1588 to withstand attack from Sri Lankan kingdoms and the Dutch fortified it during the 17th century by improving the defense system. They widened the moat on the landside and improved the rampart and bastions. Later on, there weren’t any changes made by the British who captured the city. Dutch Fort is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it managed to survive the 2004 tsunami. With a walking tour, it is possible to explore the history and oceanic view.
It is located in Matara.The rampart is situated on top of the land mass that separates the river Nilwala Ganga from the sea. It was constructed by the Portuguese in 1595 but after it is captured by the Dutch it was restored. The construction has been overseen by the Dutch East India Company and as it is finished Matara became an important center for elephant and cinnamon trading.
Star Fort is located in Matara. After passing through the rampart, it is possible to reach the star fort. The fort is established to secure key bureaucrats from danger in the case of an emergency. The fort also provides a strategic support to the rampart due to its location.
Dondra Head Lighthouse
Near Matara, there is town called Dondra. Dondra is famous with its lighthouse. It is completed in 1890 and is the tallest lighthouse in Sri Lanka. One can climb the lighthouse to enjoy the scenery. The lighthouse has 7 floors and its 196 steps to the top.
Martello Tower is located in Hambantota and it was built by the British Empire during the late 18th century. The tower is about 25 in height and 40 feet in diameter with two stories.
Japanese Peace Pagoda
It is located in Unawatuna and is a Buddhist stupa which is a monument to inspire peace. It is 2km walk from the Unawatuna beach. It was designed by Nipponzan Myoholi monks to provide a focus for people from all races to unite them in their search for world peace. As most of the peace pagodas were built after the Second World War. It was built as a symbol of peace. It can be seen from the main Unawatuna beach. Sri Lanka has four peace pagodas and there are over eighty worldwide. From the pagoda, it is possible to see open ocean between Galle and Unawatuna.