Mount Everest, Nepal: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
Mount Everest, also known in Nepal as Sagarmatha is the highest mountain on earth. It also has other alternative names such as Qomolangma and Chomolungma. It is the main peak of the Himalayas and it is located in the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal and Tibet. The peak of the mountain is 8848 meters above sea level. In 1802, the British began the Great Trigonometric Survey to map the entire region of India. The survey reached the foothills of the Himalayas as peak ‘b’ began in 1847. It took several years of surveys to determine the height of the peak. In 1850s, the surveyor team had designated the peak as Peak XV and it has, by then, been identified by the team as possibly the world’s highest. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay first climbed it in 1953, with Hillary taking the famous photograph of Tenzing Norgay in the summit. The governments of Nepal and China require all prospective climbers to purchase a permit. The fees depend on the route and season of the climb. There are two main rotes which are Southeast and Northeast for climbing Mount Everest. The most frequently used one is the Southeast because it is generally considered safer and has easier access. The Southeast route starts with a trek to Base Camp at 5,380 m on the south side of Everest in Nepal. Trekkers usually pass through Namche Bazaar and spend at least two days there then hike to Base camp which usually takes six to eight days, allowing for proper altitude acclimatization to prevent altitude sickness. The best time to visit Mount Everest is in the spring and autumn for several reasons. The climate of Mount Everest is changeable and the summit temperature never rises above freezing. Weather conditions in the high summit are notoriously difficult to predict. During the winter months, from January to March, Mount Everest is cold, but visitors can get some of the clearest and most beautiful glimpses of Mount Everest. Snow can be expected from December to February. From April to May and mid-June is the ideal time to climb Mount Everest. The peak is often visible and clear. Everest Base Camp was first used by the 1924 British Everest expedition. The site has a couple of permanent structures and a small army base. It is the famous challenging trek in Khumbu, Nepal. At Everest Base Camp, climbers usually spend 4-8 weeks, acclimatizing to the altitude.
Namche Bazaar is a village and Village Development Committee in Solukhumbu District in the Sagarmatha Zone of north-eastern Nepal. It is located inside the Khumbu area at 3,440 meters at its low point. Namche is the main trading center and hub for the Khumbu region with many Nepalese officials, a police check, post and a bank. It is also the most expensive place in Nepal. Namche is known as being the gateway to the high Himalaya and very popular with trekkers, especially for altitude acclimatization. Because it is possible to suffer altitude sickness here, it is advisable to spend at least two nights in the village to acclimatize.
Sagarmatha National Park
Sagarmatha National Park covers an area of 1148 square kilometers in Nepal’s Khumbu region. It features the tallest peak in the world, Mount Everest along with other renowned peaks such as Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Pumori, Ama Dablam, Thamerku, Kwangde, Kangtaiga and Gyachyung Kang. In north, the national park shares the international border with the Qomolangma National Nature Preserve of Tibet and extends to the Dudh Kosi River in the south. The protected area has been identified as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International and also is included in the Sacred Himalayan Landscape. The park was established in 1976 and in 1979, it became the country’s first national park that was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO. The name of the park is derived from Nepali which ‘sagar’ means sky and ‘matha’ means head. The park is home to a number of wild animals and it is most likely to spot the Himalayan tahr, ghoral, musk deer and black bears at the park. It is also possible to see mouse hares, jackals, wolves, lynx and snow leopards. In addition there are 193 different species of bird in the park such as the impeyan pheasant, red-billed cough, blood pheasant, snow cock and the snow pigeon. Vegetation in the park changes according to the altitude.
Sherpa Culture Museum
The museum is run by local photographer Lhakpa Sonam. This private museum has a collection of Sherpa cultural objects, as well as photos and press cuttings covering the Sherpa Everest summiteers. It also contains the photo from 1953 of Tenzing Norgay assessing his porter’s loads. Opening hours: 6 am – Sunset.
Where to Stay
Climbers usually spend one or two days in Namche Bazaar to prevent the altitude sickness which is also advisable.
Lama Lodge and Restaurant
The lodge offers free Wi-Fi throughout the property. All units include a seating area. A TV with satellite channels and a DVD player are available in some units. Each unit comes with a shared bathroom with a bath or shower, slippers and free toiletries. Guests can enjoy the on-site restaurant. The property also offers grocery delivery and a free airport shuttle service. Address: Chaurikharka – 8, Solukhumbu, Lukla, Nepal.
Yeti Mountain Home Namche
The hotel offers a full range of facilities such as room service and a tour desk. The hotel provides rooms equipped with a hair dryer, ironing facilities and a shower. The hotel features a restaurant and a bar where guests can enjoy a meal or a drink. The hotel is within walking distance of Khumbu. Lukla and Tengboche are located an east car ride from the property. The hotel contains a small library, souvenir shop and massage treatments. Free Wi-Fi is available in its public areas. Address: Namche, Everest Region, Namche Bazaar, Nepal.
Everest Summit Lodge
This four star hotel offers a range of accommodation options throughout the old village of Namche Bazaar. The hotel features a spa and wellness center, as well as room service, laundry service and a garden. Rooms come with a shower. The hotel houses both a restaurant and a bar where guests can enjoy a meal or a drink. The hotel is easily accessible from Khumbu. Address: Monjo, Namche Bazaar, Nepal.
Panorama Lodge and Restaurant
The hotel is just a short car ride from Lukla and Tengboche. Panorama Lodge has 15 well-appointed rooms that are accompanied by a range of essential facilities to ensure guests have a comfortable stay. Guests can enjoy a unique dining experience at the on-site restaurant. The surrounding countryside ensures plenty of opportunity for scenic walks. Address: Namche Bazar-1, Solukhumbu, Namche Bazaar, Nepal.
Hotel Namche features a gift shıp and an atm/cash machine. There are 28 rooms at the hotel, each offering all the necessities to ensure a comfortable stay. The hotel provides easy access to Khumbu. Address: Namche-03, Namche Bazaar, Nepal.
The hotel provides accommodation and a wide range of facilities such as a coffee bar, meeting rooms and 24 hour room service. It also offers a tour desk, babysitting/child services and wireless internet access in public areas. Shops, laundry service and a designated smoking area are also provided. The hotel has 20 rooms and rooms come with a bathtub, wireless internet access and an in-room safe. The hotel features both a restaurant and a bar. Address: Kongde-1, Chaurikharka Solukhumbu, Namche Bazaar, Nepal.