Nepal: Travel/Tourist Information Guide

Nepal MapA Himalayan TrekAmitabha Temple - KathmanduBuddha at SwayambhunathNepalPhewa LakePokhara

Nepal is a country in Southern Asia which is landlocked between the Tibet autonomous region of China and India. It is the world’s top trekking and mountaineering destination where 8 of the world’s 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest –the world’s tallest- are. In addition, it is commonly referred as the “roof of the world”. People around the world come to Nepal every year to hike the world’s tallest peak which is 8,848m. It is also on the border with Tibet, and Lumbini which is the birth place of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Nepal is an important religious site of millions of Buddhists. They come to visit the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Lumbini, a temple complex where Buddha once lived. Beside Buddhism, Hinduism has a strong foothold in the country and there are also many Hindu temples. Nepal’s cultural landscape is a bit of diverse with people belonging to distinctive ethnic groups and speaking a host of languages. Nepal has a monsoonal climate with four main seasons – traditionally, a year was categorized into six distinct climate periods which are Basanta (spring), Grishma (early summer), Barkha (summer monsoon), Sharad (early autumn), Hemanta (late autumn) and Shishir (winter). The most popular cities of Nepal are Kathmandu (capital and cultural centre of Nepal), Bhaktapur (historical city, centre of Nepali pottery making), Biratnagar (famous for political reasons), Birgunj (business gateway between India and Nepal), Boudhanath (home of the largest Buddhist Stupa in Nepal), Janakpur, Namche Bazaar, Patan, Pokhara and Gorkha. 

Regions

Himalayas

AnnapurnaGhandrung VillageLangtang National ParkMount EverestPhoksundo LakePrayer Flags in HimalayasRara National Park

It is the northernmost region of Nepal including 8 of the world’s 10 highest peaks where the world’s tallest – Mount Everest is. The famous regions are Annapurna, which is the most popular trekking area and Khumbu which is the area around Mount Everest. The cities in this region are Jiri, Jomsom,  Lukla,  and Namche Bazaar. The famous destinations are  Mount Everest, Langtang National Park, Rara National Park, Sagarmatha National Park and Shey-Phoksundo National Park

Kathmandu Valley

BhaktapurKathmanduKathmanduDurbar Square - PatanPatan

It is a region in the Bagmati zone in central Nepal which is home to the three largest cities in Nepal, including Kathmandu itself, as well as hundreds of smaller towns and villages. The cities in this region are Kathmandu, Boudhanath, Bhaktapur and Patan

Middle Hills

Bandipur CentreGaunshahar Gaunshahar PokharaSunset in Pokhara

This region is a hill range split between the Himalayas and Tarai Mountain Range. The region includes cities like Baitadi, Bandipur, Butwal, Gaunshahar, Gorkha, Haleshi, Pokhara, Tangting and Tansen.

Western Tarai

Bardia National ParkBharatpurLumbiniLumbiniLumbiniRoyal Chitwan National Park

The region consists of the western part of the Tarai Mountain Range in Nepal. The cities of this region are Bhairahawa (also known as Siddharthanagar), Bharatpur, Debichaur, Kapilvastu, Lumbini, Nepalganj and Sauraha. 

Eastern Tarai

DharanGhadiarwa Pond - BirgunjJanakpurKoshi Tappu Wildlife ReserveSunset in Janakpur

The region consists of the eastern part of the Tarai Mountain Range in Nepal. The cities of this region are Biratnagar, Birgunj, Birtamod, Dharan, Janakpur, Kakarbhitta and Kalaiya. 

Getting Around

It is possible to get around in Nepal with many transportation options. There are many airlines including Yeti Air, Buddha Air and Cosmic Air offer frequent flights to and from Kathmandu including places like Pokhara, Biratnagar, Nepalganj, Lukla, Simikot, Jomsom, Janakpur and Bharatpur. In addition, transportation options such as micro bus, local bus, tourist bus, rickshaw, taxis, tram, motorcycle, local motorcycle are used. The cheapest ones are the local buses but also the most crowded ones. Taxis are the most expensive transportation option but it is the best option for the ones who are looking for some privacy during the journey. Lastly, getting around on foot is another option. Although many motor roads penetrate further into the hinterlands, some places can only be reached by foot.