Puebla, Mexico: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
Situated in the center of Mexico, the city of Puebla was founded in 1531, in a green valley surrounded by three of Mexico’s tallest volcanoes: Popocatepetl, Iztaccihuatl and Orizaba. Its placement makes it so that Puebla is frequently shaken by earthquakes that damage the towns colonial buildings. However, the local’s spirits remain unshaken, and the town’s lovely historic buildings and churches are quickly restored.
Among Puebla’s top attractions are the large number of colonial structures, numerous beautiful churches together with its stunning cathedral, most of which are grouped up in the city’s well preserved center. Over the recent years Puebla has experienced an increasingly thriving nightlife and art scene. Restaurants and food stalls offer a taste of Puebla’s long and famous culinary history, while the city’s outskirts feature great outdoor activities, more colonial towns and monasteries.
Puebla is easy to reach from Mexico City, and getting around the city itself doesn’t pose any problems. The town also offers plenty of accommodation options within the city center, close to its main attractions.
The area around Puebla is home to the oldest remains of human settlements in Mexico. Most of them are located in the valley of Tehuacán and date back to 10.000 BC. More than 450 sites litter the valley alone. Over the centuries many ethnic civilizations fought for control of the lands, which culminated in the Aztec dominance of the 15th century. They would later be overthrown by the Spanish Conquest, when in 1519, Hernán Cortés enters what is now the state of Puebla, on his way to Tlaxcala. In 1531, the town of Puebla was founded by Toribio de Benavente and Juan de Salmerón to secure the route between the port of Veracruz and Mexico City. Puebla soon became the economic and cultural center of the area with many Europeans and natives settling within it. During the Mexican War of Independence the city remained loyal to the Spanish crown and its troops participated in battles against independence fighters. The 19th century saw a steady industrial development of the area, with the foundation of textile mills, and to this day Puebla and its suburbs remain one of Mexico’s most industrialized zones.