Mdina, Malta: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
The history of Mdina dates back to the time of Phoenician rule of Malta. They established a city called Maleth that became the most important establishment on the island, until the arrival of the Order of St. John, that moved the capital to Birgu/Vittoriosa - Cottonera. Mdina got its current name during the Arab occupation of Malta and it derives from the Arabic word for city - madina.
Located inland, Mdina is not a seaside resort. Although it has plenty to offer for seekers of cultural, archeological and historical landmarks. It is also an important religious spot, as it is thought that Apostle Paul lived here after being shipwrecked on the island, in the nearby Fuori le Mura grotto, known, today, as St. Paul's Grotto.