Getting around Jerusalem can be quite easy since there are main ways to do it.
The best way to get around the city is on foot. This is a great way of getting around, especially in the Old City since all attractions are at a walking distance. You may get around on foot in East and West Jerusalem as well.
If you are not up for walking you can also get a taxi, which is the other best way to get around the city. Taxis can be hailed from the street. They look like regular cars with a taxi sign on the roof. They usually have a meter, but some drivers decide not to use it, so it would be best if you insisted on turning it on and if not make sure that you decide about a price before setting off. There are also shared taxis which can seat 7-12 people. No need to reserve your seat in advance.
Another way to get around the city is by public bus. All rides cost about $1.40 no matter the distance. There are a couple of bus companies and they can all take you through the city or even to other cities in Israel as well. You can get you ticket on the bus or you can also get a rechargeable car which is valid for four rides on the bus or the light rail system and can be recharged as you need. You can also get a day pass.
Another newer means of transport in Jerusalem is the light rail. It only has one line currently, which goes around West Jerusalem. The ride costs about $1.75 and you ca buy a ticket at the station. If you plan to use it often you can also buy a rechargeable card at the Central Bus Station for about $1.32.
The last way and the least favorite way to get around Jerusalem is by a rental car. This is not really recommended since traffic jams are very common and drivers are pretty aggressive. Plus, every part of the city is easily accessible by taxi or by bus. However, if you decide that you want to rent a car you will need to make sure that you have a valid international driver's license.