India: Travel/Tourist Information Guide

GoaHoli FestivalKhajurahoMap of IndiaMumbaiTaj MahalThe Meenahshi Temple

Agra   Bangalore/Bengaluru   Cochin/Kochi   Delhi   Goa   Hampi   Jodhpur   Kolkatta/Calcutta  Mumbai/Bombay   Udiapur

India is a country in South Asia and it is the seventh largest country by area and the second most populous country in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the West, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east. It is bordered with countries like Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh in terms of land. India is a Federal Republic which is ruled by Parliamantary Democracy and divided into states and union territories. It is a diverse country that used to host historic trade routes and empites. It can be identified with a long history both commercial and cultural. There are four religions which are originated here including Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. After the arrival of Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the culture of the country became more diverse. India became an independent nation with a struggle in 1947 after annexed by the United Kingdom. Now, it is an extremely diverse country with multiple different geographies, climates, cultures, languages and ethnicities. There are almost 438 living languages in India. It’s diverse culture, history and monuments impress the travellers who visit there. It is also one of the world’s fastest growing economies and one of the fastest developing countries. India contains mountains, deserts, jungles and beaches which all form different attractions for different travellers. When travelling to India, the climate must be taken into account because the weather is extremely varied. The season when it rains in India is during a specific time of the year which is called the monsoon which India has the Southwest monsoon and the Northeast monsoon. The Southeast monsoon affects the most part of the country. It usually lasts from June to September when the Northeast monsoon lasts from October and February.The best time to visit the most of the county is during the cool and dry season which is between November and March. The ideal areas are Delhi, Agra, Varanasi, Rajasthan and Madhya Paresh in this season. The culture in India is diverse and dominated by religious and spiritual themes. There can be some preparations to see the diverse culture in India. It might lead a culture shock to see the poverty. 

Regions

Himalayan North

DharamsalaHaridwarLehSrinagarThe Shanti Stupa

This is a famous destination for both Indians and travellers. It is also one of the most ancient travel destinations in the country. It is possible to get there by bus and get around by using bus and train.This region comprises the three northernmost Himalayan mountain states of India which are Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand. Also, there is Haryana but it is not usually counted as a Himalayan state. The main notable cities of this region are Dehradun, Dharamsala, Leh, Manali, Shimla, Srinagar and Morni, Haryana. Other main sights in this region are Great Himalayan National Park, Hemis National Park, Kishtwar National Park, Nanda Devi National Park, Haridwar and many more. 

The Plains

AgraAmritsarDelhiFatehpur SikriKhajuraho

This region contains the capital of India which is Delhi. The rivers of Ganda And Yamuna flow through this region. It is considered as the country’s heartland. Also, majot events in India’s history took place in this region. The region also contains the largest and politically significant states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. The main cities of this region are Delhi, Agra (home of the Taj Mahal), Amritsar (contains the Golden temple), Bhopal, Chandigarh, Jhansi, Lucknow, Patna and Varanasi. The main sights in this region are Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, The Ganges, Khajuraho, the towns of Bodh Gaya and Sarnath, the Golden Temple, Jama Masjid, Qutb Minat and the Red Fort. The famous other destinations are Dudhwa National Park, Harike Wetland, Satpura National Park and many more. 

Western India

GoaGujaratMormuguaMumbaiRajasthan

This region contains three large states, one small state and two minuscule untion territories which are Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Goa. It can be seen that this region is the most heterogenous one in India. The diversity between states are huge as they differ in language, culture and levels of economical development. While Maharashtra and Gujarat are the most industralized states of India, Rajasthan and Goa are one of the most popular destinations for tourists. The main cities of this region are Ahmedabad, Aurangabad, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik, Pune and Pushkar. The other famous destinations are Shekhavati, Mount Abu, Kumbhalgarh, Matheran and Goa.

Southern India

AlappuzhaChennaiHyderabadKochiMaduraiMysore Palace

This region is known for its famous and historical temples, tropical forests, beaches, hill stations and many more. It also includes five major states in India and two island groups of Lashadweep, and Andaman and Nicobar.The five states are Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The most notable cities are Thiruvanathapuram, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Coimbatore, Kochi, Madurai, Mysore and Pondicherry. The other famous destinations are Alappuzha, Kumarakom, Tirupati and Kalahasti. 

Eastern India

BhubaneswarBhubaneswarDarjeelingJagannath TempleNalanda

Eastern India is less developed than the other regions in terms of economics but it is culturally rich and the most welcoming region to outsiders. The states of this region are Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, Sikkim and Jharkhand.  It is a rural region streches from Sikkim in the southern Himalayas to the coast of the Bay of Bengal. The largest city in the region is Kolkata which also features the temple cities of Puri of Lord Jagannath fame and Bhubaneswar. The most notable cities are Bhilai, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Darjeeling, Jamshedpur, Kolkata, Puri, Ranchi and Siliguri.  The other famous destinations are Sunderbans, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya, Hazaribagh National Park and many more.

North-Eastern India

Intangki National ParkIntangki National ParkItanagarKaziranga National ParkNameri National Park

It is perhaps one of the best places of India. It consists of seven states called collectively as “the seven sisters” which are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. The region consists of hills, rainforests, river, jungles and many more. It  has one of the highest biodiversity density found anywhere in the world. The main cities in this region are Agartala, Dispur, Imphal, Itanagar, Kohima, Aizawl, Shillong and Gangtok. The other famous destinations are Intangki National Park, Kaziranga National Park, Namdapha National Park, Nameri National Park and Nokrek National Park. 

Getting Around

Because India is big, there are plenty of ways to travel around the country. Most of them are not efficient or punctual. It is compulsory to have a Protected Area Permit to travel in much of the North-East and parts of Andaman and Nicobar, Jammu and Kashmir, Laksadweep, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal. The easiest way to get it is by requesting it along with the visa application. Getting around by plane is a viable option and it is possible to get anywhere in India by plane. The main operators are Air India, Go Air, IndiGo Airlines, Jet Airways and SpiceJet. Booking in advance is recommended because the fares will be lower in that case. It is also recommended to be pretending as Indian because while the foreingers will be charged in US dollars, Indians will be charged in ruppes. So many airlines have higher fees for foreigners. Another option for getting around is by train which railways are widely used ofr long distance travelling in India. India has one of the biggest network of railway lines in the world. The rail system is very efficient. There are many varieties of trains changing from luxurious to normal ones. Next, in central locations of big cities, it is possible to get pre-paid taxis and it is recommended to collect the receipt from the counter first. In addition, travelling by bus is also popular and it is the only cheap way of reaching many places not on the rail network. There are ordinary,luxury or express buses available.