Ghana: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
The Republic of Ghana is located on the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the sub-region of West Africa. The population is approximately 27 million. The official language is English and the currency is the Ghanaian Cedi (GHS) with 1.00 GHS = 0.24 USD. The capital is Accra. Ghana is the world’s second largest producer of cocoa and is rich in mineral resources including gold, oil and natural gas. There are fairly good road, rail and air transport systems, the most developed in the south and with the central and northern areas connected through major roads.
There is the Kotoka International Airport in Accra and other domestic airports.The climate is tropical and thus there are two main seasons: wet and dry. Ghana’s geography is varied, with forests, mountains, cave systems, savannas and nature reserves. The 350-mile coastline is dotted with historical castles and forts. Lake Volta, which by area of artificial surface is the largest reservoir in the world, drains into the Gulf of Guinea on Ghana’s Atlantic coast. The Volta River’s three main tributaries are the Black, White and Red Voltas.
Ghana's many visitor attractions include its year round tropical warm climate, the variety of wildlife and exotic waterfalls such as the largest waterfall in west Africa, Tagbo Falls. The coast has palm-lined sandy beaches and there are dozens of castles and forts, UNESCO World Heritage Sites, nature reserves and national parks.
Transportation around Ghana: Buses, taxis, and planes
If you are new in Ghana, you need to be aware of the available means of public transport. Luckily, there are a lot of alternatives to choose from.
The taxi is the most common form of transport that is used in most cities in Ghana. Taxis are available in most cities and the transportation prices to any destination are negotiable. All taxis have their mudguards painted with a yellow color and this makes them easily identified. It is important to bear in mind that if a taxi driver notices that you are a foreigner, he might plan to overcharge you. It is therefore advised that you bargain in advance to avoid such instances. Most taxi fares range from US$ 0.90 to US$ 9. If you are travelling within the city, the fare always ranges between US$ 0.90 and US$ 2.60.
If you are planning to travel between two cities, the fastest way of transport will be through air travel. The major airlines that work in Ghana include Starbow, Citylink and Antrak Air. Alternatively, there are domestic flights in Ghana though they tend to be a bit expensive and that is why most people avoid them. Kutoka International Airport located in Accra serves in both African and western airlines. Kutoka airport is centrally located in Ghana and there are a number of roads connecting this airport and other cities. Other airports found in Ghana include Kumasi, Takoradi and Tamale.
Buses are also a cheap means of transport in Ghana. It is important to know that buses charge an extra fee for luggage. Some of the common bus companies include; city express, Metrobus and Kingdom Transport. To minimize the cost of transport, it is advisable to book your ticket in advance because buses are more comfortable making their tickets to sell out quickly.