Cairo, Egypt: Travel/Tourist Information Guide
Lies along the River Nile, Cairo (Al Qahirah) is not only the capital of Egypt but also one of the major cities in the Middle East and Africa. It is locally known as "Misr"- the Arabic name for Egypt, because of its significance in Egyptian life. The city has an area of around 453 sq km bounded by the desert to the east, south, and west and the fertile Nile delta to the north. Cairo is the main commercial, administrative, and tourist center in Egypt and home to several cultural institutions, business establishments, governmental offices, universities and hotels.
Several churches are available near the ruins of Fortress of Babylon including Al-Muaallaqah Church, Church of Abu Sergah, Church of Sitt Barbara, Church of Abu Mina, Church of Abu Sefein, Church of Al-Adra, Church of the Virgin in Zaytoun, Church of Mari Guirguis and The Cathedral of Al-Qiddis Morcos. Rare collections of ancient Christian relics like architectural sections, icons, manuscripts and textiles are on display at The Coptic Museum. Mosque of Amr Ibn Al-Aas, Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun, Al-Azhar Mosque, Mosque of Sultan Hassan, Al-Refai Mosque, Mosque of Al-Moayyed, The Blue Mosque and Alabaster Mosque of Mohammed Ali are worth a visit.
Cairo is accessible by air with many national and international cities. The Egyptian Railways operated several air-conditioned and ordinary trains to and from Cairo. Bus services are available to neighboring cities and towns.