Porto Alegre, Brazil: Travel/Tourist Guide
Porto Alegre is the capital of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in the south region of Brazil on the eastern bank of Guiaba Lake. It is located at the spot where Lagoa dos Patos is formed by five different rivers. Its name translates to "Joyful Harbor." It is one of the richest cities in the country with the highest quality of life.
Salgado Filho International Airport serves the city with flights from major Brazilian cities such as São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Brasília and Florianópolis, as well as other South American cities such as Buenos Aires, Santiago de Chile and Panama City.
Visitors can also arrive by train.The service is referred to by locals as "trensurb" and only one line is available. It connects the downtown area neighboring cities including Estelo, Sapucaia, Novo Hamburgo and Canoas. The fare costs R$1.85.
A long distance bus terminal is found downtown that serves buses from neighboring cities as well as international lines from Uruguay, Chile, Argentina and Paraguay. The trensurb is located close by.
It is also possible to take a ferry boat to the downtown area. It crosses the Guiaba Estuary to Rio Guiaba. A one-way trip costs R$7.35.
Climate and Geography
The city has a humid subtropical climate with very hot, dry summers. The lake surrounding the islands has resulted in diverse wildlife. There are different landscapes in the area including hills, woods and plains.
The Piratini Palace on Praça Marechal Deodoro is the seat of the executive power of the state. It is built after architectural aesthetics popular during the time of Louis XVI.
The Jardim Botânico de Porto Alegre is a botanical garden that boasts of a collection of 3,000 plant species including 653 different types of trees. Tours of the 39-acre garden are offered.
Farroupilha Park is an urban park designed by the French architect Alfred Agache. It is ideal for outdoor activities like jogging, boat paddling and concerts.